I picked up an ecological systems way of thinking from the ecological designers at Conway, a landscape studio in the Western Massachusetts woods.  Since Conway I have worked with landscape architects and ecological researchers at two major research universities, conducted my own research into urban agriculture as a socio-ecological and user experience system, as well as aided communities along the Atlantic coast in their response to sea level change. Whatever the project or design brief, whether urban street tree, park, or larger scaled landscape intervention, ecological thinking always informs my design and research process.

Food Parks and Eco Centers of Atlanta

The Role of Experience in Urban Agriculture Systems
Place-based Research with the University of Maryland, 2013-2015 


User INterviews
& Narratives


& TAxonimies


USer MapS 
& SUrveys



Across Atlanta a new food system is emerging. It is a system scaling up from isolated farms and gardens to a network of operations. Food Parks and Eco-centers of Atlanta uses ethnographic research, contextual site analysis, visualization techniques, and quantitative surveys to understand change in this system. 

The research builds physical, social, and ecological typologies and taxonomies, but the most interesting findings are the narratives from the sample of Atlanta’s urban farmers and how, despite they're stated missions, they are all achieving the same goal of creating a place for user experience of Atlanta's local food system. While Food Parks and Eco-centers is primarily a research endeavor, it informs policy makers and site designers for how to engage these urban agriculture sites. It also is an exercise in the integration of research, design thinking, and data representation that can inform any design process, whether UX or traditional site design.


Geographic Information Systems

Mapping and Spatial Analysis
DVRPC , Clemson University, CSLD, University of Maryland



Mapping, cartography, is a 2-d model for communicating a 3-d world.  Mapping is often an important aspect of place-based user experience.


Spatial modeling, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), is  more complex. It uses geographic data to produce information such as this Manhattan street tree density heat map. Modeling is also a useful skill for understanding places, both digital and physical, that is part of my design and research palette.

SanLee Land Use Plan

Land Use Planning on a Major Shale Deposit
Benchmark Planning, 2016

Sanford, North Carolina in Lee County sits at the heart of one of that state's richest shale deposits. Yet it is also an area of prime farmland as well as being in the path of the  Raleigh Durham metropolitan agglomeration, one of the fastest growing regions in America. Via its 2016 land use plan I helped the community balance these competing social and ecological forces and resources.

Triassic Shale, North Carolina, Durham-Sanford Sub-basin

Triassic Shale, North Carolina, Durham-Sanford Sub-basin


Amherst Landfill a Study in Reuse

User Site Mapping for Brownfield Adaptive Reuse
Client, City of Amherst, MA Department of Public Works, 2008

From Concept Mapping

TO SIte Design


Amherst Landfill was not just a brownfield to park design but a plan for accommodating multiple users including: park goers, the Department of Public Works, who is responsible for the safe use of the site, as well as natural users,  more broadly meaning the ecology and more specifically the rare bird species who had made this rare grassy, open site in heavily wooded Western Massachusetts their own.